For a list of series see: Category:Series.
A fictional series is a group of fictional works telling the same story or different chapters in the same story. Each series is identified by its title, which is most times shared by its components, but in some cases it may be named after elements of the story itself (See below).
What is a fictional series
A fictional series is a series of works of fiction, and to be classified as such, a work must either:
- tell fictional events;
- be about fictional characters;
- both the above.
In most cases simulation videogames of any kind (flight simulation, sport simulation, management simulation, etc.) are considered fictional series since while being based on real life elements, they tell fictional events through gameplay, since the players' games don't follow real life events.
In this Wiki we consider a fictional series any group of fictional works, regardless of their media, number of releases, popularity or anything else, so we include literature, films, television series, videogame series, and so on, with equal importance (other sites about crossovers often specialize in a single media, such as indicating all crossovers between tv series, or all crossovers between videogame series, but our work is more complete, and also it makes little sense to ignore some medias while most series span different medias, with books adapted into movies, movies adapted into games and so on)
The only strict requirement for a series to be considered in this wiki is that it has to be copyrighted. The copyright, being a law, is the only way to ensure that a series has a precise identity and we can therefore write about it in a page, otherwise anything could be considered a series and there would be no way to precisely categorize them.
Series that fell into the public domain are considered actual series, but only works that were released before the expirement of the copyright are considered its components (see What works are part of a series for details). Copyrighted works based on public domain series, form a different series from the original one. In that case each copyright is a different series even if they are all based on the same public domain story.
Since the number of releases is irrelevant for a series to be considered as such, we also consider series singular releases that never had sequels, adaptations or in general never evolved into an actual series.
What is NOT a fictional series
Series of works that are not fiction, such as manuals, biographies, documentaries or reviews. As stated above, a work must either be about fictional characters or tell fictional events (so stories based on real events, but having original characters, or stories about real people living fictional events are both allowed).
Series of works that are not copyrighted, amateur works, and cancelled projects.
Series of works only identified as such for sharing something in common, such as themes or creators. (for example the "Vampire romance" series, the "Disney-Pixar" series or the "Quentin Tarantino" series.) This also includes works that have those elements in their titles, for example most videogames created with author Tom Clancy's contribution have his name in the title, such as Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell and Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six, but we don't consider them a "Tom Clancy's" series, since that part of the title identifies the author, not the content of the stories.
What works are part of a series
Are only considered part of a series works that are:
- officially released by the series' owners
- tell a chapter in the general story of the series
Note that both aspects are required.
Officially released works
We consider part of a series only works officially licensed by the series' owners.
This means that works produced by the company that owns the series can be considered part of that series, but also works created by other people or company under an official license. It must be kept in mind that we always only referer to the owners of a series, not the creators. This means that even if a work is created by the original creators of a series, it's not considered official if they don't legally own the series (and don't have an official license from the owners).
This excludes any type of fanfiction. While this is obvious at first, people often tend to include works based on popularity, so very popular fanmade works might earn a place as part of a series, but that's not true in this Wiki, where no unauthorized work at all is considered part of a series, no matter how popular, not even if it actually influenced official releases of a series. (An example is the unofficial Mortal Kombat movie Mortal Kombat: Rebirth that influenced the official webseries Mortal Kombat Legacy, but is not an actual part of the series.) This is because popularity is mostly subjective, while we want to categorize things objectively, so we can't consider any fanfiction or unauthorized work part of the series (or else EVERY unauthorized work, even a random story written by a child on a napkin, should be considered part of a series making a categorization absolutely impossible and pointless).
By extension, we also don't consider part of a series its works that were released after the series' copyright expired, and the series became public domain. Our conception is that after a story is public domain goes from being fictional to being pop-culture, so references to it are no longer references to a fictional universe.
Of course if an unofficial work is objectively notable, it can be written about it in the series' page (see below), specifying that it's not an actual part of it.
Works that tell the same story
As already stated, we consider part of a series all fictional works telling the same story, and are usually identified by their title. This means that works sharing the same title, or part of the title, are usually part of the same series, but the defining element of a series is the story. Therefore not all works with the same title are necessarly part of the same series, and the series might have works with different titles.
For example the Zelda series can be identified as "the adventures of a hero named Link who must save Princess Zelda", so all works telling this story are part of the series.
However it might be difficult to pecisely define what a series is about, considering that sometimes series are composite of sequels that seem to have very little in common to the original work, so we do usually use the title as the identifying element for a series. Basically, if the creators named a work after a series, it MEANS that they wanted to tell another chapter of the same story with it (see also the Series' title section).
So all works titled "Zelda" can be identified as part of the Zelda series, even if they might seem to tell a different story, for example The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening, which is about Link shipwrecking on an unknown island and doesn't even feature the titular princess, is still considered part of the general story. We can assume that the creators wanted it to be an integrative, secondary chapter in the general story of Link.
It must be kept in mind, though, that sometimes creators of a work choose a different title for a simple stylistic reason, while wanting to still tell the same story, so the title is not strictly binding. (An example is the Banjo-Kazooie series, that tells the adventures of the titular duo. The first sequel to the original game is titled Banjo-Tooie, but that's just a play on the word "two", they decided not to call it "Banjo-Kazooie" for a stylistic reason, but it is considered an actual part of the series.)
To make a precise classification, a contributor to the Wiki should usually consider part of a series those works that:
- tell a chapter in the same story;
- have the same title as the series (or contain the series' title in their name).
So works that are not titled as the series and don't tell the same story are not considered part of the series, regardless of their connection to that series.
So for example the game Luigi's Mansion and its sequel are not considered part of the Mario series, since they are not titled "Mario" and don't tell the story of Mario, even if they tell the story of his brother Luigi.
Also it must be remembered that not all works titled as a series are necessairly part of that series, if they tell a different story. These cases might be coincidences (for example the movie Killing Zelda Sparks has nothing to do with the Zelda series, despite being titled "Zelda") or might be minor references for stylistic or promotional choices. (for example the game Dragon Quest & Final Fantasy in Itadaki Street Special, part of the Itadaki Street series, despite being titled "Final Fantasy" and "Dragon Quest" is not considered part of either series, since it's considered to be called that way only for promotional purposes.)
Non-fictional works based on fictional series, such as videogame guides or merchandising, are usually ignorable for this Wiki, so they are not considered actual parts of the series. It can be worth noting the most interesting works though in the series' page.
The components of a series are defined by their story (see above), but the title is what makes possible to identify the series as a whole. That means that when some works are released sharing the same title, we can assume that as a sign that the creators wanted them to tell the same story, so we call it a series and give it the title shared by its components.
For example after the release of The Legend of Zelda they released its sequel Zelda II: The Adventure of Link. The creators wanted to continue the same story, so we consider it a series and call it "Zelda" after the shared part of their titles.
Sometimes it might happen that some works are released intending to tell the same story, but not featuring the same title for stylistic choices. In those cases the series is named after an element of the story itself, possibly shared by its components. This often is the protagonist of the series.
An example are the games by Ultimate Play the Game starring the character called "Sabreman", and all featuring different titles (Sabre Wulf, Underwurlde, Knight Lore and Pentagram). Since they all tell a single and undoubtly continuous story, they are identified as a single series, and named after their protagonist, Sabreman.
If a series has an official title however we usually consider it. This especially applies to literature, since most times novels in the same series don't share the title, and the series is identified by an official name chosen by the author.
A series' title is allowed to change, when newer releases cause it to be updated. To avoid confusion is better avoiding changing the title too often, and it should be done only when it is to better represent the story.
An example is the Mario series: the first few releases where all called "Mario Bros." (Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros. 2...), then starting with Super Mario Land some games were released not featuring "Bros." in their title since they didn't star Mario's brother Luigi, so the series' name was changed to Mario. Mario Bros. remained as the name of a sub-series of the Mario series, consisting in those games starring both brothers.
In case of series consisting in one singular release, the series' title normally consists in the title of the release itself. However if that singular release features a subtitle, the title of the series is only considered the main title.
In case of series known in different ways in different countries, we usually use as the "official" title the most used one considering the three main regions of Earth usually sharing the same titling system: Asia, America and Europe. In case all three regions have different titles we use the original one. In chosing the title, in case different regions have similar titles for a series, we can consider one of them as "the most used" and chose it even if it's not the original name. The most notable cases should always be noted in the series' page, and there also might be written why a certain title was chose out of the possible ones.
In case of more series that would be titled the same way, an identification word might be added in brackets, after the actual title of the series. (for example the series of games by Rare titled "Killer Instinct" shares the name with the TV series by Fox "Killer Instinct", so in this Wiki we respectively call them Killer Instinct (Rare) and Killer Instinc (Fox). This also applies to series that would be titled as too simple words, since it may be cause confusion with series that include those words in their title. (For example the series of Nintendo games titled "Golf" is identified as Golf (Nintendo).)
This is not necassarily applied to series with a popularity so high that it wouldn't cause confusion (For example the Mario series is enough famous that there isn't a strict need to call it "Mario (Nintendo)", even if there are other works with "Mario" in their title or even works simply called "Mario", such as a Canadian movie and an Italian sitcom.) In those case only the less popular works are needed to have the identification word.
The identification word can be any word, as long as it correctly identifies the series. While some sites such as Wikipedia usually use the media (the examples above would be "Killer Instinct (video game series)", "Killer Instinct (TV series)" and "Golf (video game series)"), it is more appropriate to use the owner company of the series, since most series span different medias, or have the potential to do so. It is however technically correct, even if not precise, consider the original media from which the series originated, and is in fact mandatory in the rare case of different series owned by the same company, sharing the same title.
Instead of the identification word, the series' name itself could be expanded using the creators' name or the series' subtitle that would be removed otherwise (for example the copyrighted series of works by Disney about the public domain character Peter Pan, is called Disney's Peter Pan to distinguish it from other works about the same character, but existing under a different copyright)
Types of series
There are some particular types of series notable to this Wiki:
Main article: Sub-series
By definition, all works telling the same story are considered a series, but there's nothing preventing works already part of a series to be considered a series on their own.
A fictional series that is entirely included in another series is called a sub-series of that series.
Main article: Spin-off
As stated above, if a work has a different title and tells a different story than a series is not considered part of it even if it tkes place in the same universe or features some of the same characters or has any other element in common.
A series that features defining elements from another series is called a spin-off of that series.
A crossover series is a series of works that are created pureposelly created to merge elements from two or more other series, or featuring prominently guest characters from more than one other series. Series only featuring occasional cameos or crossovers are therefore not included.
For example the Super Smash Bros. series is a crossover series, since it features elements from many different series as the central point in the games.
Crossover series might be composite of direct crossovers, but the two shouldn't be confused, since a direct crossover is a work that is part of two or more series, and therefore is not necessairly a crossover series (not considering singular-release series), while works in a crossover series might not be part of any other series and simply be series on their own, only taking elements from different series.
Public domain crossover series
An improper type of crossover series are series created specifically to merge elements from series in the public domain. Since references to the public domain are ignored in this Wiki, these series also are not considered actual crossover series, however, since they were in fact created as crossovers from an artistic point of view, they can be classified in the Public domain crossover series category.
As staded more than once, a series is defined by its story, but there's one case of works that shouldn't properly be considered a fictional series, but are considered one in this Wiki, and are the compilations of fictional works. (For example the Sega Mega Drive Collection which is a series of videogames enclosing various Sega Mega Drive games, is considered a series in this Wiki despite simply being a compilation, not telling a story on its own.) That's because compilations create an undirect type 3 link between the included series (For example we might say that the Altered Beast series is linked to the Phantasy Star series since games from both series are featured in Sega Mega Drive Collection), but listing all those links would be a waste of space and might create confusion in the link list in the series' page, so considering them actual series is easier and more straight to the point.
Works included in compilations create a Type 2 link between the included work's series and the compilation's series, since those works are considered fictional within the compilation series, even if that's an improper statement if the compilation has no universe on its own.
There are cases of compilation series that are actual, proper fictional series, and are those series that feature a "host" character, fictional places where the included works are shown or any other fictional element existing outside the included works. (For example the Game & Watch Gallery series, that features Mario as a host and some original places such as a Museum and a Music Room outside the included games.) These cases are treated identically to the improper compilation series in this Wiki.
The summary series is not a proper type of series, but just a type of series' page.
In case of a series where the informations about all its links to other series are implied in the description of the series itself, it's not needed to have singular link pages since their content would be the same or part of the same as in the series' page. In that case all direct link pages for the series redirect to the series' pages. It's called "Summary series" since it summarly gives the informations about the series as well as its links.
An example is the Nintendo Puzzle Collection series (that also happens to be a compilation series), that's a single game that includes three other games from the Mario, Yoshi and Panel de Pon series respectively. Since these the only needed informations about its links to other series, there's no need to have singular link pages, so Nintendo Puzzle Collection can be made into a Summary series.
In this Wiki we try to create a net of connections between fictional series, so only series that are already connected to other series already featured in the Wiki, deserve their article. (the starting point of this net has been arbitrarily decided to be the Mario series).
A series' article always starts with the series' logo. There is no specific rule about the logo other than having to visually represent the series. It should include the series name when possible, as opposed to simply being its symbol (for example the Mortal Kombat logo is the dragon symbol with the writing "Mortal Kombat", rather than just being the dragon symbol.) Also, it should be a fair compromise between being recent and representing the series as a whole. For example if a series' logo is radically changed for the most recent release, it's not necessair to change it in its page, since the old logo still represent the series as a whole. It can be changed once some more episodes are released in the series featuring the same logo. The ideal logo is usually the logo of the last main release in the series, without any title number or subtitle. Having it manually edited is correct to this wiki even if the result isn't technically an official logo, since we want the logo to be recogniseable and useful for the reader, it doesn't have to be technically correct. (An example is the logo for the Mario Bros. series, that's the logo of New Super Mario Bros. edited to exclude "New Super", and therefore corresponds to a recent representation of the series' name.)
Since the point of this Wiki is to tell the interactions between fictional series and their universes, and not talking about any specific series, the first thing written in the page should always be a link to a more specific Wiki. If a series doesn't have a specific Wiki, or its wiki lacks significant content, the link can be to the series' page in a more generic Wiki (such as the company's wiki, for example Nintendo Wiki, or if the series is a sub-series it can be its parent series' Wiki), or to its page on Wikipedia. In case of a series having a non-Wiki site dedicated to it with enciclopedic content, the link can be to that site, given that its content surpasses any Wiki in quantity and accurancy, but this case is less advisable. The link can change in any moment if a wiki's content about the page's series surpasses another Wiki, and in the case of two or more sites with the same amount of content there might be links to all of them. In general we want to give readers all possible informations about a series, so giving a link to a specific wiki is the right way to do so, given that it would be useless to write things that are already written in another wiki.
The page content itself should start with the series' general informations, such as its alternative titles and owner company (also why a specific title was chosen might be a notable information), followed by some more specific informations, such as its story, themes and main characters. Despite this Wiki being about crossovers, these informations should be chosen based on relevance in the series itself, not their relevance in the extended multiverse of the various series, (for example if a minor character made many cameos in different series, it's still not notable to the series' page since it's still minor to it) because we want readers to be able to make an idea of what a series is about by reading its page, but if they want more specific informations, even if are about elements referenced in other series or in crossovers, they should use the link to the specific Wiki and read about those informations there.
Each series page however should have a precise and complete list of all releases in the series itself. Each series' list should always try to reach the same level of accurancy if not surpass the specific Wikis. This is because in this Wiki we want to tell what fictional works are tied together and are therefore part of the same expanded multiverse, so specifying all releases in a series is still an information we want to directly give. Each release should include the series title, release date, media and possibly a very generic information such as the genere. In case of different titles in different countries, the original one or the most usued is usually chosen as the main one, but other titles might be specified as well, writing also known as or known in other countries as. The date always corresponds to the original release. Subsequent releases of the same work are specified in the same entry in the list, but less informations are needed, such as only having the release year instead of the release date. It might be arguable what works are diferent releases and what are re-releases, so arguable cases should always be specified in the list. No specific information about any work in the list must be given, such as plot or setting, unless it's relevant to know the series' universe, for example in case of series whose releases are not in chronological order story-wise, it might be interesting to point out which release takes place when in the series' timeline. In case of series with a very high number of releases, they might be sorted in sub-sections, such as by media, by genere or by sub-series. Within each sub-section the list is always sorted by release date.
The page then should have the Sub-series section, in case the series has any notable subseries. Not every sub-series always deserves an article in the Wiki, but even if there are no articles there might be the section in the series' page. In case of a series not having the sub-series' pages there might be a link to a Summary link page listing all links between the sub-series.
Each series page should always be classified in the Series category, and in the category corresponding to the series' copyright holder. In case there are or there have been more than one holders, each one of them should be included as a separate category. If it's about a specific type of series, The page should be classified in the relative category (the categories are Sub-series, Spin-off series, Crossover series, Compilation series and Summary series). Lastly, some series might classified in a specific category depending on their content or identity. This is usually done when works treated here as different series, are considered a single series by many people (For example while most of Nintendo's Game & Watch games are considered each a series on its own, such as the Octopus series, the Parachute series and the Fire Attack series, they're all classified in the Game & Watch games category).
In case of a series having an alternate title, it should used as a redirect page to the actual series' page. If that alternate title could tecnically be considered a different series, but is treated as the same in this Wiki for a better reading, the alternative title's page, while being a redirect might be classified in the Series category and its other specific categories. (For example the Joe & Mac series consists in four games titled Joe & Mac, three of which are alternatively called "Tatakae Genshijin", but there also is another game titled "Tatakae Genshijin", while not being a "Joe & Mac" game. For this reason these two might be considered two different series with only three games in common, but to make things simple we consider them a singular series with Tatakae Genshijin being a page redirecting to Joe & Mac)